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The Passover

The Passover was instituted at the last plague the Almighty YaHWeH brought against Egypt. The information regarding the details of when to keep the Passover today is a controversial subject.

When looking into the Scriptures we see the Passover is kept on the Fourteenth day of the First Month. The Creator YaHWeH revealed the signs as to when the First Month started. No other Nation in the Earth uses the methodology that YaHWeH uses in order to know when the First Month starts. Most use the Vernal Equinox as a marker to determine when the First Month starts. But search as you may, you wont find the Vernal Equinox mentioned nor alluded to in the Scriptures.

In order to find out when it actually occurs, we need both the Old and New Testaments to figure it out. We pick up the story in [Exo. 11:1] where YaHWeH informs Moses, one more plague is going to be brought on the Egyptians and then Pharaoh will send all Twelve Tribes out of Egypt.

Starting in [Exodus 12:2] YaHWeH said to Moses...
2. This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

What was determining the beginning of the First Month?

In YaHWeH’s calendar the Moon is the object in the sky making one revolution around the earth that determines the months. A month is approximately 29.530589 days long and 12 months would be 354.36706 days long. As we all know today the Solar year measuring one revolution of the Earth around the sun is 365.25 days long.

The difference is 10.88294 days. How then does YaHWeH correct the difference every year? It is important to search out all the details concerning this time of the year.

Exo. 13:4 gives an important clue...
4. This day came ye out in the month Abib.

YaHWeH numbered the Months and the confusing thing in the English translations is the Month is Named by the word Abib. The word “abib” is in reference to the barley being not totally ripe and in the green ear stage. This is an important fact to discern when the First Month starts. Only in the land of Israel does barley grow wild and matures to the “green ear” stage which is abib in Hebrew. The barley must be sufficiently ripe for drying (parched) by fire. If it doesn’t reach the “dough stage” it will disappear when put to the flame. This is an important fact.

The verse above is incorrectly translated because the translators assumed this was in reference to the Name of the Month when in fact YaHWeH never used names but numbers to determine each month. What is missing in the verse above is the reference to the “green ears” barley. In other words the verse should read...
4. This day came ye out in the month of the Abib.

The First Month is determined by the “green ears” not the Vernal Equinox, and the “green ears” must be sufficiently ripe to be “parched” in fire so it can be used in an offering. When is the observation of the “green ears” done?

The answer is just before a lunar cycle starts. Again, this is a controversial subject. Many or the majority use the lunar period between the two crescents, the waning moon at the end of a cycle and the first visible crescent and choosing the centre of darkness when the Moon isn’t seen. This is called the conjunction or the middle of the dark period between the visual crescents. The time period of darkness where the moon isn’t visible vary from month to month from 1.5 to 2.5 to 3.5 days of darkness.

From the first visual sighting of the crescent moon to the full moon is 15 days which is half the time period of a month.

Another controversial point is where or from what location must the moon be visible to determine the beginning of the month? The weekly Sabbath starts at sundown at the end of the Sixth Day of the week and no matter where you are located on the Earth, sundown is the beginning of the Sabbath.

While still in Egypt, YaHWeH instructs “when you get into the land” [Exo. 13:5] revealing this is where it starts. Jerusalem is the Headquarters of YaHWeH’s Government and the green ears is in the land where a person determines if it is in Abib (green ears stage). No-where else on the face of the earth can a person determine by “green ears” when the First Month starts. When YaHWeH’s Son returns to this Earth, His headquarters will be in Jerusalem and all leaders in the world will have to go to Jerusalem to keep the Feast of Tabernacles which starts on the Fifteenth of the Seventh Month. If everyone on the earth were to determine from their own neighbourhood as to when the First Month starts, then how can they all arrive at the Feast of tabernacles in Jerusalem on the Fifteenth of the Seventh Month. Zechariah 14:16 reveals all will be keeping it at Jerusalem. Therefore Jerusalem and it’s environs will be the place how to determine what is the First Month according to the Abib (green ears).

Moses is instructed to tell the whole Congregation of Israel to pick a lamb on the Tenth Day of this First Month for the Passover. The Tenth Day is determined by when the First Day starts by the visual crescent moon and the First Month of the year is determined by how ripe the barley is in the Abib (green ears) stage. This can only be determined “in the land”. When the Jews were evicted from the land by YaHWeH for their disobedience, they had to devise another method, which is using the Vernal Equinox, but they could not find the accurate time period for the barley being in “abib” stage and therefore were forced to keep it at the wrong time. They then chose the conjunction of the moon when it is in the dark stage when it is not seen. These traditions forming precedence are not what YaHWeH said to do.

When the barley is not sufficiently ripe for the “parched by fire” offering, then another month is added to the calendar making that year with thirteen months. This is how YaHWeH makes the adjustment of the ten day difference between the solar year and the lunar cycle. The “green ears” abib, determine if there is 12 or 13 months in the year.

When the First Day of the First Month is determined, then it is easy to determine the rest of the year and when each Feast Days (Annual Sabbaths) occur.

When in Egypt just before the last plague on the Fourteenth of the first Month the Israelites were to put the blood of the lamb on the door posts so the death messenger would Passover that dwelling saving the firstborn of the family.

When looking at [Lev. 23] all the Feast Days starting with the weekly Sabbath are listed and when they should occur. In verse 5 we are told when the Passover is to occur...

Leviticus 23:5

5. In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is YaHWeH’s passover.

The Passover is on the Fourteenth and as stated at even. “Even” of the Fourteenth is at the beginning of the Fourteenth since the dark hours of the day come first. The Hebrew word here is “ereb” meaning twilight or just after sundown.

The lamb is killed before sundown.

Looking at the same chapter in starting with [verse 6] you see when the Feast of Unleavened Bread starts...

6. And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto YaHWeH: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.

7. In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

8. But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto YaHWeH seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.

9. And YaHWeH spake unto Moses, saying,

10. Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest:

11. And he shall wave the sheaf before YaHWeH, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it.

12. And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto YaHWeH.

13. And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto YaHWeH for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.

14. And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your Elohim: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

The point in bringing this up is to ascertain the difference between the Fourteenth and the Fifteenth. Two different things occur. The Passover on the Fourteenth at “even” and the beginning of the Feast of Unleavened Bread starting at sundown, the Fifteenth.

They were to eat the Passover lamb fully dressed in cloths for a journey and none of it was to remain until morning. Any leftovers or any part not eaten was to be burnt in fire.

At midnight of the Fourteenth, the death messenger of YaHWeH struck all the “firstborn” in the land of Egypt, except the dwellings that had the Blood of the Passover Lamb on the door posts.

This is important for the New Covenant (Testament) because the “firstborn” are saved from the death penalty, by the shed Blood of the Son of YaHWeH. It is important to find out who these “firstborn” are.

Before daybreak on the Fourteenth, Pharaoh summons Moses and tells him to get out of town and all the congregation of Israel left Ramses and arrived at Succoth a flat pain just outside the proper boundary of Egypt. They arrived at this location at the going down of the sun, or just before sundown...

Deuteronomy 16

6. But at the place which YaHWeH your Elohim shall choose to place his name in, there thou shall sacrifice the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that you came forth out of Egypt.

This is a very controversial Scripture, because in English it implies the Passover to be at the going down of the sun on the Fourteenth. The Jews of Judaism keep the Passover at the end of the Fourteenth regardless the word “even” in the Scripture above means twilight (ereb) and at the going down of the sun the word “bow” is used to mean before sundown. They crossed the border at the going down of the sun.

The only way to resolve this controversy is to go and see which day the Son of YaHWeH kept since He would have kept it on the accurate day and at which time of the day of the Fourteenth. The Jews won’t look nor will they accept anything written in the New Testament because they don’t believe the Son of YaHWeH is the Son, nor the King they were waiting for that would save and liberate them from the occupying and oppressive forces of the Roman Empire. Little did they know He came to save and liberate them from the penalty they acquired for their sins.

When putting both the Old Testament and New Testament facts together, the problem is resolved.

The Son of YaHWeH told the Apostles Peter and John to prepare the Passover Lamb. We pick up what happened...

Luke 22:7-14

7. Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be killed.

8. And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the passover, that we may eat.

9. And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare?

10. And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he entereth in.

11. And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?

12. And he shall shew you a large upper room furnished: there make ready.

13. And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.

14. And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.

There is no doubt this was the Passover they were keeping and when the hour had come, which is a specific time period, and as we follow what happened, we will see this particular hour is twilight, the hour just after sundown on the Fourteenth. In the Old Testament account it is called ereb meaning twilight.

In Exodus 13 Moses informs the Assembly...

Exodus 13:3-4

3. And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand YaHWeH brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten.

4. This day came ye out in the month of the Abib.

The Son of YaHWeH sat down and ate the Passover with the disciples and when they had finished went out to the Mount of Olives. This was during the dark hours of the Fourteenth when the Pharisees led by Judas Iscariot came to where the Son of YaHWeH was and Judas betrayed Him with a kiss revealing specifically who He was.

He was tried illegally, beaten, then whipped with the “cat of nine tails” shredding his skin, then crucified, which is more then any other condemned person got. Never was a person crucified after been given the scourging. It was one or the other, never both.

The leaders of Judaism, the High Priest and the Pharisees were concerned about the coming day, which is at sundown. The day of the fourteenth is the Preparation Day for the First Day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread.

As pointed out in [Lev. 23:6-8] the Fifteenth is the beginning of the Feast of Unleavened Bread and the Fourteenth is the preparation for the High Sabbath which is the Fifteenth. The leaders of Judaism were concerned the body would be on the stake for this High Day.

John 19:31

31. The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day), besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.

When a person was crucified, they could hang there for days until they were not strong enough to push up with their legs, they would then strangle by their own weight. This is the reason why they wanted their legs broken with clubs so they would die by strangulation quickly because the High Day was approaching, which is an annual Sabbath, wouldn’t have these men hanging there on this High Day.

As you can see the son of YaHWeH and the disciples kept the Passover at the beginning of the Fourteenth and by the end of the fourteenth the bodies were on the stake of crucifixion, and the Jews still hadn’t kept the Passover...

John 18:28

King James Version (KJV)

28. Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.

The Son of YaHWeH kept the Passover hours earlier with the Apostles at ereb (twilight) or at even of the Fourteenth,at the specific hour, exactly the same time the Israelites did at the Exodus.and the Jews hadn’t kept their Passover and it was in daytime of the Fourteenth because the Feast of Unleavened Bread had not begun, not until sundown.

Without the New Testament to clarify exactly when it should be kept most everyone would be keeping Passover like the Jews do at the wrong time of the Fourteenth Day.

When the Israelites crossed the border of Egypt, they immediately made camp at Succoth and this night is mentioned as...

Exodus 12:42

42. It is a night to be much observed unto YaHWeH for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of YaHWeH to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.

The Jews take this to mean this is the Passover when in fact it is a celebration of the Israelites crossing the border and leaving Egypt. This is a significant fact because Egypt is synonymous with sin. Leavening in leavened bread is also synonymous with sin. When they crossed the border they were also entering the time period of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. They were leaving sin behind by leaving Egypt and the bread they carried was unleavened a prerequisite for keeping this Feast period of Seven Days, because leavening is synonymous with sin because it “puffs up” a person who engages sin.

It took the Israelites six days marching to get to the Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea) to leave Egyptian control of the Sinai Peninsula. Mt. Sinai is actually in Arabia but Constantine believed it was in the Peninsula.

This essay is for information to show when the Passover occurs on the Fourteenth, at even, and the Feast of Unleavened bread begins on the Fifteenth with a special Annual High Sabbath. The Night Much to be Observed is the night to celebrate when they crossed the border leaving Egypt proper. If you disagree with anything, please go to the Forum under doctrines, where everyone can see and explain why you differ with what is written here.

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